The aftermath is the effects, typically negative effects, that occur after a phenomenon or event has finished. For example, the aftermath of a powerful earthquake with an epicenter close to a heavily populated area is typically devastation. The aftermath of an overly difficult university exam is a lot of exceptionally depressed students. And the aftermath of an election is, often, more of the same regardless of who is elected.
In a related sense of the word, the aftermath is also the time immediately following the occurrence of a devastating event or phenomenon.
Aftermath has another meaning that I didn’t know before. Aftermath can also mean a second growth of a crop that will be harvested after the initial crop.
Who knew? It serves me right for not being a farmer. And for being nervous about leaving the greater downtown area.